Anuradhapura, city, north-central Sri Lanka. It is positioned along the Aruvi Aru River. The old area of Anuradhapura, currently protected as a historical park as well as assigned a UNESCO World Heritage website in 1982, is the very best understood of Sri Lanka’s old wrecked cities. In the instant area are substantial bell-shaped dagobas (Buddhist celebratory temples, or stupas) constructed of tiny sun-dried blocks in addition to holy places, sculptures, royal residences, and also old drinking-water tanks. The city additionally consists of an old pipal tree that is thought to have actually initially been a branch of the Bo tree at Bodh Gaya (Bihar, India), under which Gautama Buddha obtained Enlightenment. The Bo tree branch was grown at Anuradhapura concerning 245 BCE, and also it might be the earliest tree out there for which there is any type of historic document.
Anuradhapura was started in the 5th century BCE as well as was the Sinhalese resources of Sri Lanka from the 4th century BCE up until the 11th century CE when intrusions from South India compelled the changing of the funding. The city was deserted and also overwhelmed by forest; in the 19th century it was discovered by the British as well as ultimately ended up being a Buddhist expedition centre. The rebirth of the city started in earnest in the 1870s. The modern city, a lot of which was relocated throughout the mid-20th century to maintain the website of the old funding, is a significant roadway joint of north Sri Lanka and also exists along a train line. The city is the head office of Sri Lanka’s historical study, and also tourist is a considerable consider its economic climate. Pop. (2001) 53,151; (2012) 50,595.