Sri Lanka _Ceylon

Sri Lanka: Pearl of the Indian Ocean

Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

Sri Lanka: The history, society, culture, as well as all-natural charm of Sri Lanka are undeniable. That’s where you’ve never been.


Lots of things on the little island


There are eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites in such a small island. More than 2000 years of Sri Lankan culture can be found in ancient sites that boast beautiful details, even while living in the caves of legendary temples or on the tops of major mountains. Elephants, leopards, water buffaloes, all kinds of birds and passel of primate can be found on safaris in Sri Lanka.

It’s very easy. The distance is short. Visit the sacred house of the world’s oldest living human plantation tree (Anuradhapura) and be amazed to see hundreds of elephants gathering at noon (Minneria). Discover your favourite beach, meditate in a 2000-year-old temple, share a smile while browsing a mild village, marvel at the birds and wildflowers, and try to keep track of the small dishes that come with your rice and curries. Sri Lanka is magnificent, affordable and still not extremely crowded. Now is the very best time to find it.


Beaches and Rain Forests
aerial photography of sea
Photo by Tomáš Malík on Pexels.com


When you are ready to escape the tropical climate of the coast and the lowlands, head out into the mountains with their gentle, intriguing green ornaments.
Then there is the beach, stunningly white and often unbroken they ring the island, so you will be near the dunes wherever you go. The picturesque tea plantations, and rain forests invite mountaineers, climbers, and those who want to see them on a scenic train ride.
If you are inevitably tired, you can browse and dive into world-class sites without world-class crowds.

  • Commercial Center – Colombo
  • Capital – Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
  • Dialing Code – +94
  • President – Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa
  • Prime Minister – Mr Mahinda Rajapaksa
  • Religion – Buddhism (69%), Hinduism (16%), Islam (8%), Christianity (7%)
  • Area: 65,606 sq kilometres
  • Authorities Languages: Sinhala, Tamil and English is widely utilized as well as comprehended in tourist areas
  • Population – 21.4 million
  • Time: Sri Lanka Time is 5.30 hrs ahead of Greenwich Time
  • International Airport: Bandaranaike International Airport, Katunayake
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (one Rupee = 100 Cents)
  • Currency Exchange Rate: Sri Lankan Rs. 195 = 1 USD (since 2020-Apr-01)
  • Highest Possible Water Autumn: Bambarakanda ~ 241 meters
  • Highest Possible Height: Pidurutalagala ~ 2524 meters
  • Longest River: Mahaweli ~ 335 Km

Location & Physical Characteristics

Sri Lanka, an island in the Indian Sea is geographically situated in the direction of to the south of the Indian subcontinent. It exists between 5 ° 55 ′ and 9 ° 55 ′ north of the equator and also in between the eastern longitudes of 79 ° 42 ′ and also 81 ° 52 ′.
The island consists of a mountainous mass just south of the centre, with an elevation of over 2500 m and surrounded by vast plains. Palm fronds surround the island, and sea temperatures rarely fall below 27 degrees Celsius.
Seasons and climate: The lowland climate is generally tropical with an average temperature of 27 degrees Celsius in Colombo. At altitudes higher than 2,000 m it may drop slightly to 16 ° C.
Bright and sunny days are common, during the monsoon season too. Sri Lanka does not have a holiday season according to climate. The southwest monsoon brings rain mainly to the western, southern and central parts of the island from May to July, while the northeast monsoon rains occur in the northern and eastern parts from December to January.


Seasonal Occasions


Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic nation and commemorates a large range of Buddhist, Hindu, Christian as well as Muslim events. The Kandy Esala Perahera (July/August) is among the nation’s crucial as well as incredible pageants. Ten days of vibrant processions unite torch-bearers, whip-crackers, Kandyan professional dancers, drummers and also gaily clothed elephants to entertain bunches of fans from throughout the country as well as fans coming from worldwide. At the end of the event, the sacred tooth relics will be revered.

Other Celebrations


Independence Day in February and Duruthu Perahara in January which is commemorated with ceremonies, dancings and nationwide sporting activities
Sinhala, Tamil New Year in April: Traditional sports (games ) such as pillow fights, elephant competitions
Vesak in May: A sacred full moon day commemorating the birth, death and enlightenment of the Buddha
Hindu Well Festival in July / August: The ceremonial chariot of Skanda, the god of war, carried out between two temples in Colombo and Kataragama in July / August is a major Hindu festival where hundreds of devotees gather to worship their deities and participate in various religious festivals that showcase their unwavering devotion.


History

The small country has more than 2550 years of continuous written history through the Mahawansha and also was pointed out in numerous old Indian texts. One of the most popular is the Ramayana. Its island known as Ceylon was the island fort of King Rawana. Over lots of centuries Sri Lanka has actually had numerous names.
The Aryans got here in Sri Lanka late in the sixth century BC, possibly from north India and mixed with residents to make Sinhalese ethnic group. Buddhism was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century BC and was established in cities such as Anuradhapura (kingdom from 200 BC to 1000 AD) and Polonnaruwa (1070 to 1200 AD). Other notable but relatively more current kingdoms are Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Kurunegala, Gampola, Raigama, Kotte and Kandy.
The coastal component of the island, partially inhabited by the Portuguese in 16th-century as well as by the Dutch in 17th-century, was ceded to the British in 1796 and in 1802 became a British colony. The whole island was harvested in 1815 by the Britain. The country became independent in 1948. The name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
In May 2009 government military forces beat the Tamil Tigers’ separatist movement and also finished a ruthless 26 year-long battle that started in 1983, hence opening up a brand-new phase in its history.

Charming Ceylon 1931


Languages


The language spoken by the majority is Sinhala, Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages of Sri Lanka. English is widely spoken in many cities, especially in Colombo, Kandy and Galle and by government and tourism officials. Most people in Colombo can speak English but don’t expect everyone to be able to speak fluently everywhere. You will not have any problem with the English language on the beach and in tourist areas.

Sri lanka,Ceylon_sri lanka national flower
National Flower: Blue Water Lily
National Bird: Village Fowl
National Tree: Na Tree

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