Yapahuwa Rock Fortress

Yapahuwa Ancient City

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The Citadel of Yapahuwa Sri Lanka (originally called “Yapawwa”), was the capital of the country for a quick period from year 1273 to 1284. Found midway between Anuradhapura also as Kurunegala; the Yapahuwa Complex made from a Rock Fortress, Royal Palace and also Buddhist Temple. before King Bhuvenakabahu relocating out of Polonnaruwa in 1272, Yapahuwa worked as a military station for General Subhapabbota (Subha) around 1215 AD.

Fortress, Palace and Temple of the Tooth

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Integrated within the design of the Sigiriya Rock Fortress, but on a smaller sized scale, Yapahuwa was established on a granite rock that quickly rose almost 100 metres above the encompassing low-lying locations. Nonetheless, while the Sigiriya Rock Fortress is about down on the highest , the Yapahuwa Fortress is made at a reduced level. 2 ridges developing a rough semi-circle and also a moat belonged to the outside fortifications. The inner fortifications consisted of a high fence surface circled by a moat. it’s believed that the homes of the King’s topics were situated in between the inner also as outer wall surfaces, while the King’s royal residence, the Temple of the Tooth and also other management buildings were situated within the inner wall surface. Proof of those fortifications are still noticeable.

Stairs to Palace

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The largest masterpiece of the Yapahuwa complex is its ornate staircase which climbs steeply the maximum amount because the palace. Of the three trips that existed when it had been in usage, the lower one has been replaced by concrete actions. The leading flight, nonetheless is an impressive event of the gifted workmanship that existed then . There are statues of overshadows, Elephants, Makara Toranas (Dragon Arches), a pair of goggle-eyed stone Lions and also goddesses. Also the doors also as windows are delicately sculpted. Panels that surround the house windows are sculpted with professional dancers and also artists, and also among the musicians is shown playing a Kandyan drum. This, actually, is that the earliest record in art sort of this popular Sri Lankan musical tool.
On top of the staircases, one can watch the impressively created entrance that when introduced the Temple of the Tooth. little or no remains of it today, and also one should be satisfied with taking pleasure within the awesome panorama of the bordering flat levels from the royal residence.


The Yapahuwa Museum is a neighborhood one must attend and it’s situated to the proper of the properties. an excellent stone home window from the highest of the staircases is simply one among one among the foremost essential displays total with its fine also as complex lattice job which reflects a rather Arabian style.

Cave Temple

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Restored in 1886 and also standing behind the Yapahuwa Museum may be a cavern Temple consisting of some remarkable masterpieces also as even some Brahmi engravings. Among others one can see wood Buddha images and also one bronze photo, also because it is fascinating to stay in mind that several of the opposite items of art resemble those discovered in India’s old Buddhist websites like Ajanta and also Alchi

History of Yapahuwa

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Yapahuwa initially functioned as an soldiers outpost for Senapathi (General) Subhapabbota (Subha). In 1215 ADVERTISEMENT the Sinhala kingdom remained in political degeneration. The South Indian King Kalinga Magha (reign 1215– 1236) sensing a chance , led an invasion of Sri Lanka with virtually 24,000 solders. From Yapahuwa, Subha was ready to examine Magha’s (Magha the Tyrant) forces from continuing southwards.
In later years, additionally Dravidian invasions from South India drove King Buwanekabahu I from Polonnaruwa to require haven within the rock city of Yapahuwa– taking with him the Sacred Tooth Relic in 1272. Thus Yapahuwa came to be the resources of Sri Lanka and continued to be so until King Buwanekabahu’s fatality in 1284.
Adhering to the death of King Buwanekabahu I, there was another invasion of the island by the Pandyans of South India. Throughout this venture they were ready to capture the Sacred Tooth Relic which was maintained in Yapahuwa. At this factor Yapahuwa Rock Fortress was deserted. From then forward it had been populated by spiritual ascetics also as Buddhist monks.

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